Trouble deciding whether to self-publish?

Henry Herz just shared this lovely flowchart as a guide for writers who are—or should be—weighing their publishing options. I want to start showing it to every prospective client before I offer representation. The effect, I hope, might be akin to getting a second opinion before undergoing surgery.

Self-Publishing or Traditional Publishing: Which Should You Choose?
(Reprinted courtesy of The Write Life)


My thanks to Herz and The Write Life for authorizing the dissemination of their infographic. Five years from now, people will look at this chart and wonder why it wasn’t always common knowledge. Right now, it’s still breaking news to most people.

Should authors seek agents for their book-length collections of short stories?

I’ll bet you thought there could be a yes or no answer to this question. Reality is much more complicated and ever changing.

It’s possible, but rare, for a creative writer to be so talented that, even though his or her first book is a collection of short stories, an agent would find it logical and worthwhile to begin working with the person in anticipation of future, more commercially viable, creative output. By “commercially viable,” I mean desired by big trade book publishers. In almost six years of agenting, I’ve encountered only one such writer, and I asked the person to get back in touch with me when a novel-in-progress is completed. However, there are quite a few literary agents in the U.S. who happily take bigger risks than I do. Every agency is different, as a look at each of our websites will reveal.

Almost every time I receive a query from a short-story writer looking for an agent, the letter I’ve copied and pasted below is the basic form of my response. Of course, my form reply doesn’t cover everything I’m looking for in a client, which is what the guidelines on my website are intended to convey to writers.

My form response is designed to encourage novice writers of short stories to begin learning about the business aspects of a professional writer’s career. Some eventually will decide that they don’t want their writing to be more than a hobby, because turning it into work isn’t pleasurable for them. There’s absolutely nothing wrong with that, except when hobbyists are unfortunately misguided into believing they’re entitled to demand that literary agents invest time and money to assist them as a courtesy, pro bono. Most writers are smart enough to catch on to business realities very quickly. There are many terrific publishing options for hobbyists.

My agency’s form reply to queries from short-story writers

It’s nice of you to contact me about representation. Please note that detailed query guidelines are posted on my website.

For an author of short fiction, accumulated writing credits are an important part of a query. Major book publishers in the U.S. typically prefer to acquire book-length collections of short stories only if the authors already have had a considerable number of the stories published in reputable literary magazines or anthologies. If you’re not sure which literary journals are the most prestigious, then you can find out where some prizewinning short stories first appeared by taking a look at these books, which should be available at your local library:

Pushcart Prize

Best American Short Stories & Best American Nonrequired Reading

The O. Henry Prize Stories

More of these types of anthologies are listed at:

Treated & Released

You can learn about submitting your work to literary journals and magazines by reading:

Poets & Writers

The Writer‘s Guide to Publishing in Literary Magazines and Entering Contests
by Ayelet Tsabari

The Review Review

I wish you the best of luck with your writing career.

isolated pen

© Geotrac | Dreamstime Stock Photos

For writers who have succeeded at having short stories published individually, a few agencies actively call for submissions of book-length collections of short stories. As of October 2014, two of them are the Renée Zuckerbot Literary Agency and the Waverly Place Literary Agency. An agent’s submission guidelines are subject to change at any time, so please alert me if I fail to notice when the current information about these agencies becomes obsolete. If I see it’s no longer true, I’ll cross it out.

There is hope that ebook publishing will permit a short-story renaissance. In all honesty, it’s more likely that the ease of self-publishing ebooks and POD books, coupled with the increased numbers of free online literary journals, will make many more short stories available to readers at little or no cost, and then the supply will outpace the demand from readers. At the same time, it’s interesting to note that more online literary journals are paying their contributors a modest amount, perhaps to attract better stories to publish, because they have lots of competition for submissions these days.

Dynamic, isn’t it?

Please feel free to share in the comments section the links to or names of any literary agents asking to see short-story collections. I hope this information is helpful.

The value of mediocrity

Each of us reserves a portion of our income for costly purchases. Typically, we’re well aware of what we’re doing. Some of the men in my extended family are gearheads. A few of my friends splurge on travel. Not a small number of people among my acquaintances, naturally, collect beautiful books. A lot of Americans are house-proud, and some are obsessed with their wardrobes.

To fund our pleasurable or righteous obsessions, we economize when we spend on the things that don’t matter as much to us. I’ve seen parents invest in sports and cut corners on education for their children. I’ve noticed people with extremely modest living quarters driving impressive cars. A devotion to healthy living and environmental conservation, for some, involves spending money that their neighbors would have applied toward entertainment or hairstyling.

In our pursuit of happiness, we permit ourselves, and certainly ought to permit each other, to decide where to cut costs. Fortunately, in the United States, there are as many sources for cut-rate consumer goods as there are for luxury goods. The variety and freedom of choice is not a problem, folks. It’s a good thing.

And yes, I do see education in the U.S. as a consumer good that many parents make great sacrifices to obtain for their children.


Litmags: the new breeds

Three years ago, I posted a list of ten literary magazines with good-looking websites. Only four of them are still in business. Maybe it’s time for a new list, but now that every other litmag is using the free Arcade Basic blog theme from WordPress, or something similar, there are lots of attractive clones.

365 tomorrowsBeauty’s only skin deep anyway. A better list might be based on popularity, except that the big magazines with the very largest circulations tend to maintain their show-dog status for years or even decades at a time. Zzzzzzzz.

More interesting are the Silken Windhounds, Dandie Dinmont Terriers, and Catahoula Leopard Dogs in my database of literary publications. Some already are being fetishized by readers. Have you heard of them?

365 tomorrows – speculative flash fiction

The Awl – longform essays, humor, and some fiction

Bust – erotic fiction and female perspectives on pop culture

The Bygone Bureau – personal essays, cultural criticism, humor, and comics

The Collagist – progressive short fiction, poetry, essays, and novel excerpts

Conduit – poetry, fiction, and nonfictionEscape Into Life

Escape Into Life – poetry, fiction, creative nonfiction, and comics

Esopus – short plays, essays, poetry, and fiction

Guernica – essays, poetry, and fiction

Hobart – short fiction, nonfiction, and poetry

Joyland – fiction and essays

The Morning News – essays, humor, and cultural criticism

n+1 – fiction, essays, criticism, and translation

NOWNESS – digital storytelling

[out of nothing] – digital textBust

The Rumpus – essays that intersect culture

Strange Horizons – speculative fiction

Teen Ink – poetry, fiction, and nonfiction

Thought Catalog – literary journalism

Untoward Magazine – humorous fiction

Given that this list is twice as long as the previous one, maybe a handful of these publications will exist three years from now. Submit or subscribe or take them for a walk if you want to keep them healthy.

Paloma Negra, where have you flown?

PALOMA NEGRA by Miha MazziniNot until the English-language edition of Miha Mazzini’s novel Paloma Negra was scheduled for publication by Open Books did I give much thought to the music that plays through the story. I had never explored Mariachi music, which is said to have originated in the Mexican states of Jalisco and Nayarit. Paloma Negra is set in Yugoslavia in a subsequent century, during a Mexican music craze that lasted there for about a decade. El Financiero cites Mazzini’s documentary film about the phenomenon of Yu-Mex music, explaining that Yugoslavia “broke off relations with the Soviet Union and turned to Mexico to provide entertainment productions containing music and action, in addition to messages such as ‘Long live the revolution.’ “

When I discovered, I wanted to test the selection of available recordings, so I assembled a shareable playlist of songs that seemed to fit the mood of this extraordinary novel. I let several websites recommend potentially relevant music and performers. A musicologist’s playlist would be much more informative, but instead, this multicultural sampler is Robin-filtered. I’d love to listen to your musical interpretation of this book. If you create a playlist for Paloma Negra, I’ll be delighted to add yours to this post.

Track listing for Paloma Negra | Listen for free at

1. Paloma Negra
I concentrated first on the ranchera “Paloma Negra,” composed by Tomás Méndez and performed best by the late Chavela Vargas, who was born in Costa Rica but lived most of her life in Mexico. If you listen to only one of the five songs on the playlist, it should be this one, which was used in the soundtrack for the 2002 film Frida.

2. Ljubimac Zena
“Ljubimac Zena” is one of the popular Yugoslav-Mexican songs performed by the Serbian singer Ljubomir Milić’s trio, Paloma, in the 1960s.

3. Luz de Luna
My favorite version of “Luz de Luna,” which translates as moonlight or light of the moon, comes from U.S.-born Araceli Collazo and Paloma Negra, lately of Monterrey, Mexico. The song was written by the Mexican composer and songwriter Álvaro Carrillo, who performs it on this track.

4. Love Sick
Mariachi El Bronx’s cover of Bob Dylan’s “Love Sick” is the only Mariachi tune I own. It’s jaw-dropping. (Of course, you might prefer the version used in the Victoria’s Secret commercial.)

5. Paris, Texas
I watched Wim Wenders’ 1984 film Paris, Texas recently. The soundtrack suited it perfectly. The Paris-based trio Gotan Project, whose members are Argentine, French, and Swiss, recorded Ry Cooder’s music for the movie’s bleak title track, which was influenced by Blind Willie Johnson’s gospel blues “Dark Was the Night, Cold Was the Ground,” another of the songs featured. Parallels in the tragic lives of the characters in the film Paris, Texas and the novel Paloma Negra made this stark, moody instrumental my selection for the concluding track. I hope you enjoy listening.

mourning doveImage adapted from Bird Studies: An Account of the Land Birds of Eastern North America by William E.D. Scott (1898)

When the story is true

Every version of this song is beautiful and perfect. Here are just four.

I’ve lived a few hundred miles due north and a few hundred miles due south of Harlan County, Kentucky, and I don’t think I’ve ever met anyone who ever lived there.

⬇ Ruby Friedman Orchestra

⬇ Patty Loveless

⬇ Dave Alvin

⬇ Darrell Scott, the songwriter

Creative writing workshops and journals for physicians


(Image courtesy of Penny Mathews)

The list of physicians who’ve sidelined as creative writers is extensive. The existence of the World Union of Physician Writers is a testament to the long tradition. Among the active writing groups, Pegasus Physicians meet regularly on the Stanford University campus and a creative writers’ group invites new members at the University of Arizona College of Medicine – Phoenix. You can find the SEAK Physician and Lawyer Fiction Writers Group on LinkedIn.

A few workshops for physicians who write

Arts, Humanities, and Medicine Program at the Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics

Columbia University Medical Center’s Program in Narrative Medicine

Doctors Who…

The Examined Life Conference hosted by the University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine

Hippocrates Initiative for Poetry and Medicine

Literature + Medicine hosted at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas

Medicine Unboxed

Narrative Medicine

SEAK’s How to Earn Money as a Physician Writer

Seven Doctors Project (7DP)

The Storytelling Workshops collaboration between Massey College, Ars Medica, and the University of Toronto Health, Arts, and Humanities Program

Taos Writing & Wellness Retreat for Health Professionals presented by the University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center Office of Continuing Education and The Permanente Journal, Kaiser Permanente

The Writing and Publishing CME course at Harvard Medical School

The Yale Internal Medicine Residency Writers’ Workshop for Yale residents

Journals that publish creative writing about the medical professions

Of course, any literary journal can publish the creative work of a physician, but the publications listed here specialize in the topics of illness, healing, and the medical professions.

AJN: American Journal of Nursing
Abaton – Des Moines University
Ars Medica
The Barefoot Review
Bellevue Literary Review – New York University Langone Medical Center
Blood and Thunder – University of Oklahoma College of Medicine
CHEST Journal
Connective Tissue – University of Texas Health Science Center of San Antonio’s School of Medicine
Dermanities – Online Journal of Community and Person-Centered Dermatology
The Examined Life Journal – University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
The Healing Muse – SUNY Upstate Medical University’s Center for Bioethics & Humanities
Hektoen International
Hospital Drive – University of Virginia School of Medicine
The Human Touch – Anschutz Medical Campus at the University of Colorado
The Intima: A Journal of Narrative Medicine – Columbia University
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association
Journal of Medical Humanities
Journal of Poetry Therapy
Journal of Progressive Human Services
Leaflet – The Permanente Journal, Kaiser Permanente
Lifelines – Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth College
Medical Literary Messenger
Narrateur – Hofstra North Shore—Long Island Jewish Health System School of Medicine, Hofstra University
Narratio Medicina
Oasis – Wake Forest School of Medicine
The Perch – Yale Program for Recovery and Community Health
The Pharos – Alpha Omega Alpha
Plexus – University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine
Poems in the Waiting Room
proto – Massachusetts General Hospital
Pulse: Voices from the Heart of Medicine – Department of Family and Social Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Survivor’s Review
Third Space – Harvard Medical School and Harvard School of Dental Medicine
Wild Onions – Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine and Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
The Yale Journal for Humanities in Medicine

Learn more

Creative Writing for Surgeons by Carol EH Scott-Conner, MD, PhD

“A song to go to the soul of things”

mixtape of new songs

    (Photograph courtesy of Michael Lorenzo)

I keep some mixtapes upon the shelf. They hide a nasty stain or gloss over some messy memories from another era. Actually, they’re mix CDs. I still like them, and I’m still sensitive to the urge behind their creation.

Because playlists have become technically easy to assemble online, I suppose we’re inclined to make them effortful in some other way, so they’ll remain meaningful. In “Why we crave human-curated playlists,” Justin Fowler touches briefly on how we try. Elsewhere, the blog Largehearted Boy features Book Notes, which are playlists compiled by authors who want to elaborate on themes in their books. Finally, is making it simpler to use embedded playlists. Merely listening to one doesn’t require user registration, which has been an annoying obstacle with other music streaming services.

Most of the music I now buy was shared through social media or used as part of the soundtrack for a film or television program. I work in silence, so ten minutes of listening is the equivalent of a smoke break. The recommendation algorithms built into streaming services are helpful, but I owe more to the old mixtapes that introduced me to metal and blues and to friends who find and post throwbacks and new songs.

The title of this post is a line from Lorca’s “New Songs” (“Cantos nuevos”) translated by Catherine Brown. Go on down the rabbit hole, if you’re of a mind to. A.S. Kline’s translation of “New Songs” is on page 9 of the freely distributed book Twenty-Six Early Poems of Federico García Lorca.   pdf icon